Jan. 11th, 2017

shawm

Jan. 11th, 2017 08:14 am
prettygoodword: text: words are sexy (words are sexy)
shawm or shalm (SHAWM) - n. a medieval double-reed woodwind instrument with a conical bore.


Conical, so had a flaring bell. Double-reed, so sounded a lot like a loud oboe -- which indeed is a descendant. Arrived in Europe in the early 12th century from the Near East (similar instruments include the Greek/Byzantine aulos). In Middle English, there were three forms of the name, schallemele, s(c)halmys, and sc(h)almuse, from three Middle French forms, chalemel, chalemie, and chalemeaux, some of which are singular forms, some plural, and some pluralized from plurals taken to be singluar -- all of them from Latin calamus, reed, either directly or through the Vulgar Latin diminutive, calamellus, itself from Greek kálamos, reed. That reed thing.

---L.

July 2017

S M T W T F S
      1
2 34 5 6 78
9 10 11 12 131415
16 17 18 19 20 2122
23 242526272829
3031     

Page Summary

Style Credit

Expand Cut Tags

No cut tags
Page generated Jul. 24th, 2017 10:43 pm
Powered by Dreamwidth Studios